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About Calgary

 
 
Calgary is the largest city in Alberta, Canada. It is located to the South of the province, in a region of foothills and high plains, approximately 80 kilometres East of the Canadian Rockies.
 
Calgary is the third largest civic municipality, by population, in Canada.
 
As of the 2007 civic census, Calgary's population was 1,019,942. The metropolitan population (CMA) was 1,079,310 in 2006, making Greater Calgary the fifth largest Census Metropolitan Area in the country.

Geographical

Calgary is found at the transition zone between the Canadian Rockies foothills and the Canadian Prairies, and is relatively hilly as a result. Calgary's elevation is around 1,048 metres (3,440 ft) above sea level downtown, and 1,083 metres (3,553 ft) at the airport. The city proper covers a land area of 726.5 km² , as of 2006, which makes it larger than the City of Toronto.
 
There are two major rivers that run through Calgary. The Bow River is the largest and flows West to South. The Elbow River flows Northwards from the South until it converges with the Bow River near downtown.
 
Since the climate of Calgary is usually dry, dense vegetation occurs naturally only in the river valleys, on North-facing slopes, and within Fish Creek Provincial Park.
 
The city of Calgary is large in physical size, consisting of an inner city surrounded by various communities of decreasing density.
 
Unlike other cities with a sizable metropolitan area, most of Calgary's suburbs are incorporated into the city proper, with the notable exceptions of the city of Airdrie to the North, Cochrane to the Northwest, Strathmore to the East, and the Springbank district to the West.
 
Though it is not technically in Calgary's metropolitan area, the town of Okotoks is only a short distance to the South and is considered a suburb as well.
 
The Calgary Economic Region includes slightly more area than the CMA and has a population of 1,146,900.
 
The city of Calgary proper is immediately surrounded by two municipal districts, Rocky View No. 44 to the north, west and east; and Foothills No. 31 to the south.

Weather

Calgary has a semi-arid, highland continental climate with long, dry, but highly variable, winters and short, moderately warm summers. The climate is greatly influenced by the city's elevation and close proximity to the Rocky Mountains.
 
Although Calgary's winters can be sometimes get very cold, warm, dry Chinook winds routinely blow into the city from the Pacific Ocean during winter months, giving Calgarians a break from bitter cold. These winds have been known to raise the winter temperature by up to 15°C (27°F) in just a few hours, and can last up to a couple of days.
 
According to Environment Canada, the temperature in Calgary ranges from a January average of −9 °C (15.8 °F) to a July average of +16 °C (60.8 °F).
 
Information from Wikipedia
 

 

History

The Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in the year 1883 and with a rail station built, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural hub. In fact, the Canadian Pacific Railway HQ is located in Calgary today.
 
Calgary was officially incorporated as a town in 1884 and elected its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, it was incorporated as "The City of Calgary", in what was then the Northwest Territories.
 
Discovery of Oil
 
Oil was first found in Alberta in the year 1902, but it did not become a large industry in the province until 1947 when massive reserves of oil were found.
 
Calgary quickly found itselt as the host of the ensuing oil boom. The city's economy exploded when oil prices increased with the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973. The population increased by 272,000 people in the eighteen years between 1971 (pop:403,000) and 1989 (pop:675,000) and another 345,000 in the next eighteen years (to 1,020,000 in 2007).
 
During these expansive years, skyscrapers were constructed at a pace seen by few cities anywhere else. The relatively low-rise downtown quickly grow dense with tall buildings, which continues to this day.
 
Calgary's economy is so closely tied to the oil industry that the city's expansion peaked with the average annual price of oil in 1981.
 
The subsequent drop in oil prices and the introduction of the National Energy Program are stated by industry as reasons for a collapse in the oil industry and the general Calgary economy.
 
The NEP was shut-down in the 1980's by the Brian Mulroney federal government. Continued low oil prices, however, prevented a full recovery until the 1990's.
 
In Recent History
 
With the oil industry employing a large number of Calgarians, the fallout from the economic slump of the early 1980's was understandably significant. The unemployment rate quickly climbed.
 
By the end of the decade, however, the economy was beginning to return. Calgary quickly figured out that it could not afford to put so much emphasis on the economy in oil and gas, and the city since has become much more diverse, both economically and socially.
 
The period during this recession ushered in Calgary's transition from a mid-sized prairie city into a major cosmopolitan and diversity centre.
 
This transition culminated in February of 1988, when the city hosted the XV Olympic Winter Games. The success of these games essentially put the city on the world stage, internationally recognised.
 
Information from Wikipedia.
 

 

Economy

 
Economic activity in Calgary is still mostly catered to the petroleum industry; however, agriculture, tourism, and high-tech industries also contribute to the city's fast economic growth.
 
The economy in Calgary & Alberta is now booming once again, and the region of nearly 1.1 million people is the fastest growing in all the country. While the oil and gas industry make up most of the economy, the city has invested a great deal into other areas such as tourism and high-tech manufacturing. Over 3.1 million people now visit the city on an annual basis for its many festivals and attractions, especially the Calgary Stampede, a major celebration held every year.
 
Nearby mountain resort towns Banff, Lake Louise, and Canmore are also becoming more popular with tourists, which is bringing people into Calgary as well.
 
Other modern industries in Calgary include light manufacturing, high-tech innovations, film, transportation, and services.
 
Despite the importance of the oil industry to its economic success, Calgary has been ranked the World's Cleanest City by Mercer Quality of Living in a survey published in 2007 by Forbes Magazine.
Information from Wikipedia
 

 

Real Estate

CREA - Canadian Real Estate Association
MLS - Multiple Listing Service
ABREA - Alberta Real Estate Association
CMHC - Canadian Mortgage & Housing Corporation
AMBA - Alberta Mortgage Brokers Association
CAHPI - Canadian Association of Home & Property Inspectors
ICX - Canada's Commercial Listing
AB Business Investment
Property Assessment
Lawyers
 
The downtown region of the city is made up of five neighbourhoods: Eau Claire, including the Festival District, the Downtown West End, the Downtown Commercial Core, Chinatown, and the Downtown East Village, also part of the Rivers District.
 
The commercial core is divided into a number of distinct districts including Stephen Avenue Retail Core, the Entertainment District, the Arts District and the Government District.
 
Calgary's densest neighbourhood, the Beltline, is an area including a number of communities such as Connaught, Victoria Crossing and a portion of the Rivers District. The Beltline is the focal point of major planning and rejuvenation initiatives on the part of the municipal government to increase the density and liveliness of Calgary's centre communities. 
 
Adjacent to the downtown core are the first of the inner-city communities. These include: Crescent Heights, Hounsfield Heights/Briar Hill, Hillhurst /Sunnyside, including Kensington BRZ, Bridgeland, Renfrew, Mount Royal, Mission, Ramsay and Inglewood and Albert Park/Radisson Heights directly to the East.
 
The inner city is surrounded by somewhat dense and established neighbourhoods, such as Rosedale and Mount Pleasant to the North; Bowness, Parkdale and Glendale to the West; Park Hill, South Calgary,including Marda Loop, Bankview, Altadore and Killarney to the south; and Forest Lawn/International Avenue to the East.
 
Lying farther behind these, and usually separated by Deerfoot, are the suburban communities, often characterized as "Commuter Communities". The greatest amount of homes expansion is happening in the city's deep South, with major growth on the Northwestern edge as well. In all, there are over 180 distinct neighbourhoods within Calgary city limits.
 
In the beginning, several of Calgary's neighborhoods were separate towns that were annexed by the city as it grew. These include Bowness, Montgomery, Forest Lawn, Midnapore, Rosedale and, in 2007, Shepard.
 
Quadrants
 
Northwest Calgary is in the region West of Center Street and North of the Bow River, with the exception being several neighbourhoods South of the Bow River on the Western edge of the city, which are also considered to be a member of the Northwest.
 
Northeast Calgary is the region East of Centre Street and North of Memorial Drive.
 
Southwest Calgary is the region South of the Bow River and West of Centre Street/Macleod Trail with the exception of several communities found South of the Bow River that are considered to be part of the Northwest.
 
Southeast Calgary is the area South of Downtown and Memorial Drive and East of Macleod Trail.
 
Information from Wikipedia.
 

 

Education

Post-secondary
 
Calgary has five major public post-secondary institutions.
 
The University of Calgary is Calgary's biggest degree-granting facility. 28,807 students were enrolled there in 2006.
 
Mount Royal College, now Mount Royal University, is the second largest post-secondary institutions with 13,000 students, granting degrees in a number of fields.
 
With over 14,000 full-time students, SAIT Polytechnic provides industry-specific training and apprentice education, granting certificates, diplomas and applied degrees. The Main Campus is in the North West Quadrant, just North of the downtown core.
 
Bow Valley College's main campus is located downtown and provides training in business, technology, and fine arts, with around 10,000 students.
 
The Alberta College of Art and Design (ACAD) is located in Calgary next to SAIT. 
 
In addition, the University of Lethbridge has a satellite campus in the city.
 
There are also several private liberal arts institutions including Ambrose University College, official Canadian university college of the Church of the Nazarene and the Christian and Missionary Alliance and St. Mary's University College.
 
Calgary is also home to DeVry Career College's only Canadian campus.
 
School system and K-12
 
In the year 2005, roughly 97,000 students attended K-12 in about 215 schools in the public school system run by the Calgary Board of Education.
 
Another 43,000 students attend about 93 schools in the separate English language Calgary Catholic School District board.
 
The much smaller Francophone community has their own French language school boards (public and Catholic), which are both based in Calgary, but serve a larger regional district.
 
There are also several public charter schools in the city, such as Foundations for the Future.
 
Calgary has a number of unique schools, including the country's first high school exclusively designed for Olympic-calibre athletes, the National Sport School.
 
Calgary is also home to many private schools including Strathcona Tweedsmuir, Rundle College, Clear Water Academy, Webber Academy, Masters Academy and West Island College.
 
Calgary is also home to Western Canada's largest high school, Lord Beaverbrook High School, with 2,241 students enrolled in the 2005-2006 school year.
 
Information from Wikipedia.
 

 

Attractions

 
Festivals
 
 
Other festivals include the growing Calgary International Film Festival, FunnyFest Calgary Comedy Festival, the Greek Festival, the Calgary Fringe Festival, Summerstock, Expo Latino, Calgary Gay Pride, and many other cultural and ethnic festivals.
 
Calgary is also host to contemporary and established theatre companies; among them are One Yellow Rabbit, which shares the EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts with the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra, as well as Theatre Calgary, and Alberta Theatre Projects.
 
 
Museums
 
The city is home to several museums. The Glenbow Museum is the largest in Western Canada and includes an art gallery and first nations exhibits.
 
Other major museums include the Chinese Cultural Centre, at 70,000 sq ft, the largest stand-alone cultural centre in Canada, the Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame and Museum in Canada Olympic Park, The Military Museums, the Cantos Music Museum and the Aero Space Museum.
 
 
Art Galleries
 
In Calgary, there are also a number of art galleries in the city, many of them concentrated along Stephen Avenue and 17th Avenue areas. The largest of these is the Art Gallery of Calgary (AGC).
 
 
Downtown
 
Downtown attractions include the Calgary Zoo, the TELUS World of Science, the TELUS Convention Centre, the Chinatown district and the Calgary Tower. At 2.5 acres, the Devonian Gardens is one of the largest urban indoor gardens in the world, and it is found on the 4th floor of TD Square center.
 
Other major city attractions include Calaway Park amusement park, Spruce Meadows (equestrian/showjumping centre) and Race City Motorsport Park.
 
Information from Wikipedia.
 

 

Sports Teams

 
Professional Sports Teams
 
Club League   Venue  

Established  

Championships

Calgary Flames National Hockey League Pengrowth Saddledome

1980*

1

Calgary Stampeders Canadian Football League McMahon Stadium

1945

5

Calgary Roughnecks National Lacrosse League Pengrowth Saddledome

2001

1

Calgary Vipers Northern League (Baseball) Foothills Stadium

2005

0

 
Amateur and junior clubs
 
Club   League   Venue  

Established  

Championships

Calgary Hitmen Western Hockey League Pengrowth Saddledome

1995

1

Calgary Canucks Alberta Junior Hockey League Max Bell Centre

1971

9

Calgary Royals Alberta Junior Hockey League Father David Bauer Olympic Arena

1990

1

Calgary Oval X-Treme National Women's Hockey League Olympic Oval  

1995

4

Calgary Mavericks Rugby Canada Super League Calgary Rugby Park

1998

1

Calgary Speed Skating Association Speed Skating Canada Olympic Oval

1990

 >10

Calgary United FC Canadian Major Indoor Soccer League Stampede Corral

2007

0

 
Information from Wikipedia.
 

 

Recreation

Calgary is well-known as a destination for winter sports and tourist attractions, with a number of major mountain resorts near the city and metropolitan area.
 
In large part due to its proximity to the Rocky Mountains, Calgary has traditionally been a popular destination for winter sports enthusiasts.
 
In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host the Olympic Winter Games, and one of the fastest ice skating rinks in the world was built to accommodate the games. 
 
The city has also been home to a number of major winter sporting facilities such as Canada Olympic Park and the Olympic Oval. These facilities serve as the primary training venues for a number of competitive athletes.
 
During the summer, the Bow River is very popular among fly-fishermen, and on particularily hot days, river rafting.
 
Golfing is also an extremely popular activity for Calgarians and the region has a large number of courses.
 
The city also has large numbers of urban parks including Fish Creek Provincial Park, Nose Hill Park, Bowness Park, Edworthy Park, the Inglewood Bird Sanctuary, Confederation Park, and Prince's Island Park. Nose Hill Park is the largest municipal park in Canada. Connecting these parks and most of the city's neighbourhoods is one of the most extensive multi-use path systems in North America.
 
Information from destinationwinnipeg.ca
 

 

Shopping

Calgary's downtown features a dynamic mix of restaurants, clubs, bars, cultural venues, shopping - most notably, TD Square, Calgary Eaton Centre, Stephen Avenue and Eau Claire Market, and public squares such as Olympic Plaza, which regularily hosts free shows. 
 
In addition to the many shopping areas in the city centre, there are a number of large suburban shopping malls in Calgary. Among the largest are Chinook Centre and Southcentre Mall in the South, WestHills and Signal Hill in the Southwest, South Trail Crossing and Deerfoot Meadows in the Southeast, Market Mall in the Northwest, and Sunridge Mall in the Northeast.
 
Information from Wikipedia

 

Transportation 

Calgary is considered a transportation hub for much of central and Western Canada. Calgary International Airport (Code YYC), in the city's Northeast, is the fourth largest airport in Canada by passenger movements and is also a major cargo hub for businesses.
 
Non-stop destinations include cities throughout Canada, the United States, Europe, Central America, and Asia. Calgary's presence on the Trans-Canada Highway and the Canadian Pacific Railway mainline also make it an important hub for freight.
 
Calgary maintains major street networks and a freeway system. Much of the system is on a grid where roads are numbered with avenues running East-West and streets running North-South. Roads in predominantly residential areas, as well as freeways and expressways, do not generally conform to the grid and arenot numbered as a result.
 
Public Transportation
 
Calgary Transit provides public transportation services throughout the city with buses and light rail. Calgary's rail system, known as the CTrain was one of the first such systems in North America and consists of three lines on 42.1 kilometres of track. Light rail transit use within the downtown core is free.
 
The bus system has over 160 routes and is operated by 800 vehicles, which is constantly expanding.
 
As an alternative to the over 260 kilometres of dedicated bikepaths on streets, the city has a large interconnected network of paved multi-use paths spanning over 635 kilometres.
 
Information from Wikipedia.
 

 

Utilities & Services

Home Service Providers

PHONE - INTERNET - CELL - TV
 
 
 
WATER - ENERGY
 
 
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Local Media

 

NEWSPAPERS
The Calgary Herald and the Calgary Sun are the main newspapers in Calgary.
 
TELEVISION
Global, Citytv, CTV and CBC television networks have local studios in the city.
 
RADIO
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Hospitals

Calgary has three major hospitals; the Foothills Medical Centre, the Rockyview General Hospital and the Peter Lougheed Centre, all overseen by the Calgary Health Region.
 
A medical evacuation helicopter operates under the name of the Shock Trauma Air Rescue Society.
 
Calgary also has the Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Children's Hospital, and Grace Women's Health Centre providing a variety of care, in addition to hundreds of smaller medical and dental clinics.
 
The University of Calgary Medical Centre also operates in partnership with the Calgary Health Region, by researching cancer, cardiovascular, diabetes, joint injury, arthritis and genetics.
 
Information from Wikipedia.

 

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Data supplied by CREB®’s MLS ® System. CREB® is the owner of the copyright in its MLS® System. The Listing data is deemed reliable but is not guaranteed accurate by CREB®.
The trademarks MLS®, Multiple Listing Service® and the associated logos are owned by The Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA) and identify the quality of services provided by real estate professionals who are members of CREA. Used under license.
The trademarks REALTOR®, REALTORS®, and the REALTOR® logo are controlled by The Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA) and identify real estate professionals who are members of CREA. Used under license.